Ministry launches Samagra Shiksha, calls it the latest scheme in the holistic development of school education

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'Samagra Shiksha' - an initiative headed by the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Shri Prakash Javadekar was launched in a bid to aid and beget an integrated scheme for school education extending support to different states at all levels from pre-school to senior secondary levels. Speaking about this unprecedented move the Union Minister said that he hoped this scheme will signal a paradigm shift in the fundamental design of pedagogy by conducting itself in a manner which will treat ‘school’ holistically as a continuance from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary levels.
Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan

Elaborating further on the subject, Shri Javadekar said that in accordance with the Prime Minister’s devotion to his commitment of providing ‘Sabko Shiksha Achchi Shiksha’, the Ministry of HRD has taken a massive strides to put this into effect and it will witness the complete overhaul of the existing programmes in school education to treat schooling as a seamless integration and transition from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary levels. It aims to improve the quality of education at all levels by intermingling the two T’s – Teachers and Technology. He further illustrated on the topic saying that ‘Samagra’ means an approach to treat education as a the sum total of its parts and the scheme has been aptly named as it views school education as a whole.

The Union Minister also added that earlier the budget on the three schemes by the names of SSA, RMSA and Teacher Education was Rs. 28,000 crore in 2017-18. But the new budget for the improved scheme will now be Rs. 34,000 crore in 2018-19 and Rs. 41,000 crore in 2019-20 i.e. an increase of 20% which highlighted the Central Government’s commitment. Under this new scheme about one million schools will get a library grant of worth Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 20,000 to fortify the libraries to ensure that the slogan “Padhega Bharat Badhega Bharat” holds true and is realised.

Schools will get an added provision of state-of-the-art sporting equipments under the Samagra Shiksha, at an added cost of Rs. 5000 for Primary, Rs. 10,000 for Upper Primary & up to Rs. 25,000 respectively for SSC & HSC schools to foster & emphasise sporting disciplines from a young age to realise the dream of India being hailed as a sporting nation under the “Khelega India Khilega India” movement. Shri Javadekar said that the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) will be expanded from the existing middle school status (Class 6-8) to a high school (Class 6-12) with an increased apportionment of Rs. 4385.60 crores in 2018-19 & Rs. 4553.10 crores in 2019-20 to accomplish Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s long standing objective; the "Beti Bachao Beti Padhao".

He also said that the scheme will build on the largest ever survey conducted; the National Achievement Survey (NAS) in 2017-18, the grade-wise, and the subject-wise outcomes to conduct novel strategies at district level interventions for improving the quality of education. This approach is aimed to help the student focus on learning competencies instead of content, i.e. it will signal a shift from the conventional classroom practices of being solely theory driven learning and edification to a more holistic approach by letting the students learn as they feel as each student can for themselves, because every child is different. The scheme has envisioned and the active participation of all stakeholders especially the parents/guardians, the School Management Committee (SMC) members, and the various communities and the honoured state functionaries in aiding the efforts which ensures quality education of children.

Shri Javadekar said that a teacher is the driving force of the school education system. The new scheme will focus on reinforcing this crucial symbolic pillar by making SCERTs and DIETs the nodal agencies for teacher training. These institutions will be bolstered to emphasize the unification of in-service and pre-service training structures in states to make it more dynamic and need-focused. He said that this will enable the students to reap the benefits of technology and will help widen the scope of students being able to access good quality education across all states, UT's, and across all sections of the Society. “DIKSHA” - the national digital platform for teachers will put high quality teaching & learning resources for the ready use of teachers. The scheme will also support ‘Operation Digital Board’ in all secondary schools over a period of 5 years, in order to realise and enhance the use of digital technology through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels. The digital initiatives like Shaala Kosh, Shagun, Shaala Saarthi will also be strengthened.

Shri Upendra Kushwaha in his speech said that this move will herald a new beginning in the field of education and the Samagra Shiksha will combine] schemes ubder the umbrella of a single school education development programme which will cover grades from pre-school to 12th grade. He stressed on the fact that this endeavour of the Government of India is to equip our children with all-round skills – academic, extracurricular and vocational- so that there lays a strong foundation for their future development into better men which in turn will subsequently prove as the catalyst of the development of India. Shri Prakash Javadekar also displayed the brochure and the website of the Samagra Shiksha Scheme. The brochure gives an insight into the major aspects of the scheme and how the scheme focuses on improving the quality of education, enhancing the learning outcomes by using technology to empower education of children.

The website also provides detailed information about the scheme for the States/UTs, teachers, children, institutions and the public as a whole. It describes the particulars under which financial support will be provided under the scheme to States and UT's. All notifications, correspondences and circulars are uploaded on the website for ready reference. Another novel feature; an online Project Monitoring System is linked to the website which measures progress against targets and observes the implementation of various interventions of the integrated scheme.

About Avik Mallick

Avik Mallick is a content writer and curator, who has an affinity for reading. In a former life, he was a trainee at a manufacturing industry. A writer by day and a reader by night, he is a lover of literary works of any kind. When not within the confines of a four-wall enclosure, head buried in a book, he likes to devote all of his energies to playing football, cooking, listening, and criticising music.
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