Geography of India

Location – Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Geographic coordinates: Latitudes: 8o 4′ N and 37o  6′
                                                Longitudes: 68o 7′ E and 97o 25′
Map references: Asia

Total:  3,287,590 sq km

Land:  2,973,190 sq km

Water:  314,400 sq km

Land Boundaries:

Total:  14,103 km

Border Countries:  Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

Coastline: 7000 km
Maritime Claims: contiguous zone:  24 NM

Continental Shelf:  200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

Exclusive Economic Zone:  200 NM

Territorial Sea:  12 NM
Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in the north.
Elevation Extremes: Lowest Point:  Indian Ocean 0 m Highest Point:  Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Rivers of India

The rivers of India may be classified as follows:

  • The Himalayan Rivers
  • The Deccan Rivers
  • The Coastal Rivers
  • The Rivers of Inland Drainage Basin
Natural Resources

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.

Arable land:  56%

Permanent crops:  1%

Permanent pastures:  4%

Forests and woodland:  23%

Other:  16% (1993 est.)

535,100 sq km (1995/96 est.)

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