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Career in Horticulture


Horticulture is the branch of Agricultural Science that deals with the cultivation of plants, vegetables, flowers, fruits, herbs, shrubs, bushes, ornamental trees and landscaping for gardens, maintaining nurseries, green houses, gardens, orchards and plantations and also floriculture or cultivation of flowers.

The branch now has direct and indirect applications in food technology industries as production, harvesting and storing of vegetables have all become highly mechanized. Plants are grown under strictly controlled conditions using sophisticated sensors, computers and biological control of pests and diseases. 

Horticulture Eligibility Criteria

Entry to this field starts from undergraduate level. After completion of 10+2 in Science stream (class 12th) with physics, chemistry and maths/biology/agriculture as the subjects one can opt for Bachelors degree in Horticulture as a separate discipline or as a subject of BSc Agriculture Science. The same basic qualifications are required for doing a diploma in agriculture.

Most Indian institutes teach horticulture as a subset of agriculture; others offer a separate degree in horticulture. After doing a B.Sc. in Horticulture one can continue his/her studies in the field by doing M.Sc.or Ph.D.

The minimum qualification for admission to various Master’s programmes in agriculture is 60 per cent marks or equivalent in graduation in same or related streams. For instance, in order to get admission to MA in Pomology; Floriculture and Landscaping; or Vegetable Crops a B.Sc degree in Agriculture or Horticulture is required.

Horticulture Career Prospects

Horticulture is a field that holds ample scope. Whether you want to be full-time or part-time horticulturist, whether you have your own piece of land or not, you can take up this line and make a decent living out of it.

Advances in horticultural technology, increasing product demands, and a growing export industry are making this an extremely lucrative career. Jobs are being created in fields such as research and journalism, in sectors both public and private, and also within and outside of our borders.

Salary & Remuneration

The monthly remuneration of an Asst. horticulture inspector (appointed by respective state or central government) starts from Rs 7000 and goes up to Rs 17, 000 depending upon experience and total years of service. District Horticulture Officers get monthly salary more than Rs 20, 000. The salary of Horticulturists and scientists varies between Rs 18, 000 and 25, 000.

The salary of a horticulture professionals in private sector is more as compared to public sector. They get handsome salary apart from other benefits as fixed by the respective firm/company.

Horticulture Institutes/Universities

  • Kerala Agricultural University

Course: MSc (Horticulture)

  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore

Course: MSc (Horticulture)
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth

  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwar

Course: B.Sc. (Hort), M.Sc. (Horticulture)

  • Annamalai University

Course: BSc (Horticulture)

  • Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad

Course: M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Vegetable Science), M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Floriculture & Land Scaping), M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Fruit Production & Post Harvest Technology)

  • Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ananthapur

Course: BSc (Horticulture)

  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatre

Course: B.Sc. (Horticulture), B.Tech. (Horticulture)

  • Calcutta University, Kolkata

Course: MSc (Horticulture)

  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University

Course: Diploma in Horticulture, B.Sc. (Hort), M.Sc. (Horticulture)

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