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Pathology Careers

head pathology1

Pathology is a branch of medical science that deals with the study of the essential nature of diseases, particularly the structural and functional changes these diseases produce. It involves the laboratory examination of molecules, cells, tissues and organs and its interpretation. 

The German pathologist Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) is regarded the father of pathology. With the help of the compound microscope, Virchow was among the earliest physicians to encourage the study of manifestations of diseases which were visible only at the cellular level. 


With the development of new research techniques, such as electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and molecular biology, the study of pathology has gained much depth. Now, biomedical scientists and pathologists can find out the cause of many diseases by studying the changes occurring in patients by testing blood, urine, stool etc.

In the broadest sense, nearly all research which links manifestations of disease to identifiable processes in cells, tissues, or organs, can be considered pathology. A medical doctor that specializes in pathology is called a pathologist. Pathologists are experts at interpreting the state of body tissues as they appear under the microscope.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must have completed their M.B.B.S. in order to be eligible for admission to an M.D. program in pathology. The course takes 3 years to complete. Students who have completed a recognised two-year post graduate diploma program in pathology can complete the course in 2 years.

The candidates are evaluated based on the level of knowledge, skill and competence they display at the end of the training. The examinations are based on a grading or marking system and certification is given on obtaining a minimum of 50% marks in theory as well as practical work. You can appear for the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) examination at the end of 3 academic years, i.e. six academic terms. A diploma course in pathology can be completed in 2 academic years, i.e. four academic terms.  Each academic term is 6 months long.

Career Prospects

To be eligible to apply to these marketing courses,

  1. Students must have 50% marks in bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university.

  2. You will also need to appear for CATGMAT or similar examinations and secure the necessary percentile to qualify for the GDPI rounds of MBA colleges.

  3. Executive MBA in Marketing programs are usually for professionals who want to enhance their skills and strategies and may require the candidate to have relevant work experience.

Career Scope & Job Prospects in Marketing Management

Once you’ve completed your studies in M.D. Pathology, a number of job options are open to you. You can expect a starting salary of Rs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 3.5 lakhs per annum in a well-established, private hospital. You can also find jobs in government hospitals like the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). 
You also have the option of starting your own pathology laboratory. Other options include appearing for the Combined Medical Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Government of India. Doctors can appear for Provincial Civil Service Examination conducted by the respective Provincial Service Commissions.

Here is a list of the institutes in India that offer courses in M.D. Pathology. All these institutes are recognised by the Medical Council of India.

Note: These colleges areeither recognised or permitted under section 10(A)

Pathology Courses Offered

State MedicalCollege / Medical Institution Management Year of Inception of College Annual Intake (Seats) (Information as Per Institution / MCI / Govt. of India
Andhra Pradesh Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. 4
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Medical College Govt. 1923


Andhra Pradesh Gandhi Medical College, Hyderabad Govt. 1954


Andhra Pradesh Guntur Medical College Govt. 1946


Andhra Pradesh Kakatiya Medical College Govt. 1959


Andhra Pradesh Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences Society 1999


Andhra Pradesh Kurnool Medical College Govt. 1957


Andhra Pradesh Mamata Medical College Society 1998


Andhra Pradesh Narayana Medical College Society 2000


Andhra Pradesh Osmania Medical College Govt. 1946


Andhra Pradesh Rangaraya Medical College Govt. 1958


Andhra Pradesh S V Medical College,Tirupati Govt. 1960


Andhra Pradesh Siddhartha Medical College Govt. 1980


Assam Assam Medial College Govt. 1947


Assam Guwahati Medical College Govt. 1960


Bihar Katihar Medical College Trust 1987


Bihar Darbanga Medical College Govt. 1946


Bihar Patna Medical College Govt. 1925


Chandigarh Government Medical College, Chandigarh Govt. 1991


Chattisgarh Pt. J N M Medical College Govt. 1963


Delhi Army Hospital Research & Referral Govt. ..


Delhi Lady Hardinge Medical College Govt. 1916


Delhi Maulana Azad Medical CollegeGB Pant Hospital Govt. 1958 4
Delhi University College of Medical SciencesGTB Hospital Univ. 1971 2
Delhi All India Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. 1956 4
Goa Goa Medical College Govt. 1963 2
Gujarat Government Medical College, Bhavnagar Govt. 1995 2
Gujarat B J Medical College, Ahmedabad Govt. 1946 13
Gujarat Smt. N.H.L.Municipal Medical College Municipal Corporation 1963
Gujarat Medical College, Baroda Govt. 1949 5
Gujarat Pramukhswami Medical College Trust 1987 2
Gujarat MP Shah Medical College Govt. 1955 8
Gujarat Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Medical College, Rajkot Govt. 1995 3
Gujarat Government Medical College, Surat Govt. 1964 5
Haryana Pt. B D Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. 1960 6
JammuKashmir Sher-I-Kashmir Instt. Of Medical Sciences, Srinagar Trust 1988 1
JammuKashmir Acharya Shri Chander College of MedicalHospital Society 1995 4
JammuKashmir Government Medical College, Jammu Govt. 1972 5
Jharkhand Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. 1960 7
Karnataka Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Trust 1955 6
Karnataka Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Trust 1953 6
Karnataka Al-Ameen Medical College Trust 1984 2
Karnataka B L D E A s Shri B M Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre Trust 1986 3
Karnataka Bangalore Medical College Govt. 1955 2
Karnataka Command Hospital Air Force Govt. .. 1
Karnataka Father Muller’s Institute of Medical Education and Research Trust 1999 1
Karnataka Govt. Medical College, Mysore Govt. 1924 5
Karnataka JJM Medical College Trust 1965 8
Karnataka JSS Medical College Trust 1984 5
Karnataka Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. 1957 5
Karnataka Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences Society 1980 1
Karnataka KLE Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum Trust 1963 4
Karnataka M S Ramaiah Medical College Trust 1979 3
Karnataka Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Trust 1963 4
Karnataka Sri Devaraj URS Medical College Trust 1986
Karnataka Sri Devaraj URS Medical College Trust 1986 2
Karnataka Sri Siddhartha Medical College Trust 1988 1
Karnataka St. Johns Medical College Society 1963 2
Karnataka Yenepoya Medical College Trust 1999 2
Kerala Govt. Medical College, Calicut Govt. 1957 2
Kerala Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram Govt. 1951 6
Kerala T D Medical College Govt. 1963 1
Kerala Government Medical College, Kottayam Govt. 1960 3
Madhya Pradesh Shyam Shah Medical College Govt. 1963 2
Madhya Pradesh Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal Govt. 1955 2
Madhya Pradesh M G M Medical College, Indore Govt. 1948 2
Madhya Pradesh Gajra Raja Medical College Govt. 1946 3
Madhya Pradesh Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Medical College Govt. 1955 3
Maharashtra Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College Trust 1989 3
Maharashtra Mahatma Gandhi Mission’s Medical College, Navi Mumbai Trust 1989 2
Maharashtra Padmashree Dr. D.Y.Patil Medical College, Nerul,Navi Mumbai Trust 1989 2
Maharashtra Government Medical College, Aurangabad Govt. 1956 4
Maharashtra SRTR Medical College Govt. 1974 3
Maharashtra Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences University .. 1
Maharashtra Grant Medical College Govt. 1845 7
Maharashtra Institute of Navel Medicine, INHS, Aswini Govt. 1972 2
Maharashtra Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College Brihan Mumbai Mahanagar Palika 1964 6
Maharashtra Seth GS Medical College Brihan Mumbai Mahanagar Palika 1925 10
Maharashtra Seth GS Medical College Brihan Mumbai Mahanagar Palika 1925 10
Maharashtra Tata Cancer Research Memorial Institute Govt. .. 5
Maharashtra Topiwala National Medical College Brihan Mumbai Mahanagar Palika 1964 10
Maharashtra Government Medical College, Nagpur Govt. 1947 4
Maharashtra Indira Gandhi Medical College & Hospital Govt. 1968 3
Maharashtra Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha Trust 1990 3
Maharashtra Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram Kasturba Health Society 1969 4
Maharashtra Armed Forces Medical College Govt. (Ministry of Defense) 1962 8
Maharashtra BJ Medical College, Pune Govt. 1964 4
Maharashtra Rural Medical College Trust 1984 2
Maharashtra Dr Vaishampayan Memorial Medical College, Solapur Govt. 1963 3
Maharashtra Dr. D Y Patil Education Society’s D Y Patial Medical College, Kolhapur Society 1989 2
Maharashtra Govt. Medical College, Miraj Govt. 1962
Maharashtra Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Trust 1984 3
Maharashtra Government Medical College, Nanded Govt. 1988 2
Manipur Regional Institute of Medical Sciences Society 1972 2
Orissa MKCG Medical College Govt. 1962 2
Orissa MKCG Medical College Govt. 1962 2
Orissa VSS Medical College Govt. 1959
Orissa SCB Medical College Govt. 1944 4
Pondicherry Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research Govt. 1956 2
Punjab Christian Medical College, Ludhiana Trust 1953 4
Punjab Dayanand Medical College & Hospital Society 1963 4
Punjab Government Medical College, Amritsar Govt. 1943 7
Punjab Government Medical College, Patiala Govt. 1953 9
Punjab Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research Govt. .. 19
Rajasthan Dr SN Medical College Govt. 1965 1
Rajasthan Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Ajmer Govt. 1965 1
Rajasthan R N T Medical College Govt. 1961 1
Rajasthan SMS Medical College Govt. 1947 4
Tamil Nadu Chennai Medical College Govt. 1835 4
Tamil Nadu Christian Medical College, Vellore Trust 1942 2
Tamil Nadu Madurai Medical College Govt. 1954 2
Tamil Nadu PSG Institute of Medical Sciences Trust 1985 1
Tamil Nadu Thanjavur Medical College Govt. 1959 2
Tamil Nadu Rajah Muthiah Medical College Trust 1985 2
Tamil Nadu Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute Trust 1985 3
Uttar Pradesh Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Univ. 1961 8
Uttar Pradesh Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Govt. 1961 5
Uttar Pradesh Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU Univ. 1960 3
Uttar Pradesh LLRM Medical College Govt. 1966 3
Uttar Pradesh GSVM Medial College Govt. 1955 6
Uttar Pradesh King George Medical College Govt. 1911 7
Uttar Pradesh Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences Govt. .. 2
Uttar Pradesh S N Medical College Govt. 1939 7
Uttaranchal Himalaya Institute of Medical Sciences Trust 1995 3
West Bengal Dr BC Roy Postgraduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Govt. ..
West Bengal North Bengal Medical College Govt. 1968 4
West Bengal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research Govt. 2002
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