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Career as a Geologist


What is Geology?

Geology is the study of the Earth’s origin, history and composition etc. Its sub-branches are mineralogy, structural geology, geomorphology, planetology and geological engineering etc. A person who carries out these studies is known as geologist.

The roles of geologists are very vital while exploring mineral wealth and natural resources. The geologists also determine conditions suitable for constructing railway lines, roads, bridges, buildings etc.

Geologists explore under-water resources and gas fields deep in the sea. They conduct tests to measure quality of soil by conducting geo-physical and geo-chemical tests.

Read: Career In Environmental Science

Specializations and Courses in Geology

  • Planetology
  • Hydrogeology
  • Sedimentology
  • Remote Sensing
  • Economic Geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Geological Engineering
  • Petrology

Courses of Geology:

  • B.Sc. Applied Geology
  • B.Sc. Geology
  • B.Sc. (Hons.) Geology
  • M.Sc. Applied Geology (Tech.)
  • M.Sc. Petroleum Geology
  • M.Sc. Petroleum Geosciences
  • M.Sc. Geology
  • M.Sc. Geology (Hons)
  • M.Sc. Geology (Tech)
  • M.Sc. Agrometerology
  • M.Sc. Applied Geology
  • M.Sc. Geology and Applied Chemistry
  • M.Sc. Marine Geology
  • M.Tech. Applied Geology
  • M.Tech. Geoexploration
  • M.Tech. Petroleum Geo-science
  • Ph.D. Geology

Geology Eligibility Criteria

One can take geology as a career option at undergraduate level. An honours in the field at undergraduate level can help pursue master program in the branch. The minimum educational qualification in this case is 10+2 Science (or class 12th).

In India there are several bachelor’s and masters programs available in geology and applied geology. One can also opt for MTech or PhD in the field after MSc or BE (Bachelor of Engineering). Please see the list of universities/institutes offering courses in geology.

The various courses offered by Indian universities/institutes are:

  • B.Sc. (Hons.) with Geology (at undergraduate level)
  • M.Sc. (Geology)
  • M. Sc. (Applied Geology)
  • M.Sc. (Tech.) in Applied Geology
  • M.Tech (Geology)
  • MPhil (Geology)
  • PhD

Read: Career as a Psychologist

Geology Institutes/Universities

  • Aligarh Muslim University, Allgarh

Courses Offered: B.Sc. (Hons.) with Geology, M. Sc. (Applied Geology)

  • Amravati University, Amravati

Courses Offered: M.Sc., Ph.D

  • Andhra University, Vishakha Patnam

Courses Offered: M.Sc. /M.Sc. (Tech.) in Applied Geology

  • Anna University, Guindy, Chennai

Courses Offered: M.Sc Applied -Geology, M.Phil – Applied Geology

  • Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, TN

Courses Offered: M.Sc. (Applied Geology)

  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Courses Offered: M.Sc. (Geology)

  • Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli, TN

Courses Offered: M.Sc. (Geology)

  • Cochin University of Science & Technology, Kochi, Kerala

Courses Offered: MSc/MTech in Marine Geo Physics

  • Dr. Harishingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar

Courses Offered: B.Sc (Hons) and M.Sc in Geology

  • Gulbarga University, Gulbarga

Courses Offered: M.Sc Applied -Geology, M.Phil – Applied Geology, PhD

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal

Course (s) Offered: M.Sc. in Geological Sciences, M.Sc. in Geophysics, Integrated M.Sc. in Applied Geology, Integrated M.Sc. in Exploration Geophysics, MS (Geology & Geophysics), M.Tech. – Applied Geology, M.Tech. – Computational Seismology, Ph.D. (Geology & Geophysics)

  • Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad

Courses Offered: 5 Years Integrated M.Sc. Tech. in Applied Geology/Applied Geophysics, 3 Years M.Sc. Tech. (6 Semesters) in Applied Geology/Applied Geophysics

  • Karnataka University, Dharwad

Courses Offered: M.Sc Geology

  • Kurukshetra University, Kurushetra

Courses Offered: M.Sc Applied Geology

  • Osmania University, Hyderabad

Courses Offered: M.Sc. (Geology)

  • Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur

Courses Offered: M.Sc. (Geology)

  • University of Delhi, New Delhi

Courses Offered: BSc (Hons) Geology, MSc in Geology, MPhil in Geology, PhD in Geology, PhD in Engineering Geology

  • University of Madras, Chennai, TN

Courses Offered: M.Sc Applied Geology

  • University of Mysore, Mysore

Courses Offered: M.Sc Applied Geology

  • University of Pune, Pune

Courses Offered: M.Sc. Geology, M.Phil & Ph.D

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee


  • Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar

Courses Offered: M.Sc. and M.Phil in Geology

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