Importance of Mathematics and Science in Engineering


The word engineering comes from the Latin word “ingenerare,” which means “to create.” Engineering is a science where the forces of nature are converted for the utility of mankind. Natural forces and mathematical analysis are juxtaposed for the benefit of people.


Science and mathematics are integral parts of engineering. Science teaches us about the laws of the natural world and mathematics helps us to establish relationships among different quantities. Both subjects are of paramount importance if you are planning to study engineering at the university level. While in school, you must build a very strong understanding of science and mathematics because these are the foundations upon which your study will be based.

From the elementary level, awareness of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields is included in school curriculum. Apart from reading these subjects, students are made aware of the fields and scope of STEM courses. As students pass on to the secondary level, they should study these subjects rigorously to prepare for engineering courses.

If you’re considering engineering as an option after school, you must be prepared to deal with a lot of maths and science in most of the subjects that are part of an engineering course. Students planning for a career in engineering should make sure that they take up science and mathematics in the 11th and 12th classes in school. Both the subjects are crucial when you would start preparing for any of the major engineering entrance exams like JEE MainJEE AdvancedBITSAT and VITEEE.

Exam pattern of engineering entrance exams

The exam pattern for most of the engineering exams remains the same – you would need to be proficient in chemistry, physics and mathematics. The prescribed syllabus for most of the engineering entrance exams are also quite similar and focus on testing your basic concepts and understanding of these subjects. Your knowledge of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics in chemistry, mechanics of solids & fluids and gravitation in physics and your competence in solving calculus problems and algebraic equations in maths are indicators of your aptitude to study engineering for your higher education after school.

Topics covered in an engineering programme

A typical syllabus for mechanical engineering usually includes the following:

  • Linear algebra
  • Calculus
  • Differential equations
  • Numerical method
  • Probability and stats
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Theory of machines
  • Thermodynamics
  • Reciprocating Air Compressor
  • Steam Engineering

These are just a few subjects that might be included in an engineering course syllabus, but that would likely be enough to give you a sneak peek into what studying engineering could be like.

Engineering is all about applying science and mathematics practically to come up with solutions to problems we face in our daily lives. Make sure you enjoy these subjects and have an aptitude for studying them if you plan to pursue engineering.

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