Scientific Research & Development - Courses and Careers

Design, originate & innovate! Today a career in R& D (science & Engineering) is not only highly rewarding professionally but also one of the most ideal platforms to design technologies that you want around you. Research as a profession is for those who want to transform tomorrow‘s technologies and want to create life-changing technologies.

India is contributing a lot to this field as India is home to approximately two million science post graduate and over one lakh PhD holders.

In India, Today more than 1000 positions are created for scientist every year.

One can become scientist, engineer, biotechnologists, Pharmacist, Physicist Chemists, Biochemist and many other similar roles. Today the average innovation intensity of India is estimated to be about 11.5 percent.

The world bank‘s report on ‘unleashing India’s Innovation potential estimates that there are around 3 lakh scientists and innovators in the country.

Today an increasing number of multinationals are vying for scientists from India. Over 300 MNCs including IBM, Microsoft, HCL, GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis are setting up their research and development facilities in metros like Bangalore and Mumbai.

This is because of the fact that an Indian scientists costs around Rs 9.7 lakh a year as compared to 38.7 lakh that an American scientist cost.

Read: Indian Institute of Science

Eligibility Criteria

Aspirants, wishing to make a mark in this field, should have comprehensive knowledge and training in the related scientific or engineering stream. For that, a master degree in engineering or science is required and in many cases any other graduate qualification covering the relevant area of research and specialization is generally considered an ideal qualification.

Career Scope & Job Prospects

Biotechnology, manufacturing, pharmaceutical industry or software field, the avenues are endless if you thought Research and development in science or engineering as your career-choice.

Today even biotechnology sector has grown to be a $2 billion worth industry and is estimated to be growing at a rate of more than 37 percent every year. While, the Indian pharmaceutical industry stands at Rs 238,665 crore and is expanding at an annual growth rate of over 9 percent.

Pros and Cons of a Scientist


  • Satisfaction of discovering new things
  • Recognition and fame
  • Autonomy in what you are doing


  • Depended heavily on grants
  • Time consuming activity
  • Not much time to oneself and family as in most cases one has to work in isolation
  • Chances of frustration setting in

Read: IIT Kharagpur PhD program

Where can you work

Research is in itself a full-time occupation and a person even after acquiring his or her Phd can continue with the research work and go about inventing new things and theories. You can also work in

  • manufacturing companies
  • water companies
  • cosmetic companies
  • pharmaceutical companies
  • defence companies (e.g. BAe Systems, GSK)
  • universities
  • Government laboratories

Top Colleges/Institutes for Scientific R&D

1DRDO- Defence Research & Development OrganizationNew Delhi
2ISRO- Indian Space Research organizationBangalore
3NAL- National Aerospace LaboratoriesBangalore
4BEL- Bharat Electronics LimitedBangalore
5BARC- Bhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbai
6Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI)Lucknow
8Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew Delhi
9University of DelhiNew Delhi
10National Brain Research CentreGurgaon
11Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchMumbai
12Institute of Clinical Research in IndiaNew Delhi
13Indian Council of Medical ResearchNew Delhi
14Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable DevelopmentManipur