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Comparison Between Science, Commerce And Humanities

A pressing concern faced by most students as they pass out of the tenth standard is what steam to choose that will enable them to pursue a career of their choice and a stream that will be in synchronicity with their aptitudes. Confusion is whether to go with Arts, Science or Commerce after Class 10.

Also see: CBSE Class 10th resultsCBSE Class 12th results

While arriving at a conclusion over what stream to choose, students are faced with dilemmas regarding what stream is better than the other, what stream will be easier to pursue and score in, what stream would enable them to achieve their dreams and aspirations, what stream will allow them to have a profession that would give them monetary as well as job satisfaction, and similar doubts.

A simple answer to the above questions is that no stream, whether it is Science, Commerce or Humanities, is better or worse than the other. Approaching this important decision with these questions in mind is wrong and more often than not, a student would end up choosing the wrong stream for themselves.

Comparison of Science, Commerce and Humanities. Which one is better?

In this article, we will try to compare the three streams in an objective manner that would assist students to weigh their options well before taking the final plunge towards one of the three subjects.

Following is a comparison of the three streams on the basis of the various careers that a student can pursue after each stream.


Commerce is a study of trade and business that encompass each and every process and activity that takes place in any commercial organization at any level. Hence, the various careers that a student can pursue after completing school education mainly revolve around this field.

Studying the commerce stream during high school will allow a student to pursue careers in fields such as Finance, Planning, Accountancy, Tax Practitioners, Broking, Banking etc. Some career options available to students in this field are”

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Chartered Accountancy
  • Forensic Accounting
  • Cost and Work Accountancy
  • Company Secretaryship
  • Investment Banking
  • Banking
  • Marketing
  • Market Research
  • Capital Marketing
  • Business Administration
  • Administration
  • Human Resource Management
  • Management
  • Insurance
  • Law
  • Media/Mass Communication
  • Financial Analysis


The vast field of study that comes under the arena of science allows students under this stream innumerable career options. Science involves the systematic study and investigation of all natural phenomena and occurrences by employing various methods such as observation, experimentation, etc.

By studying Science after class 10, students can pursue a career in any of the three main subjects in science, namely, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. While some career options may be specific to only one the three subjects under science, most careers might be interdisciplinary and may involve a detailed study of either two or all three of the science subjects.


  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomechanics
  • Biostatistics
  • Biophysics
  • Cytology
  • Dental Science
  • Embryology
  • Epidemiology
  • Genetics
  • Hiostology
  • Immunology
  • Medical Physics
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neuroscience
  • Nutrition Science
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Photobiology
  • Physiology
  • Radiobiology
  • Toxicology


  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Engineering Management
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Integrated Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Military Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering


  • Chemistry (chemist profile)
  • Ethnobotany
  • Environmental Law
  • Patent Law
  • Technical Writing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Oceanography
  • Software Design
  • Space Exploration
  • Government Policy
  • Forensic Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Metallurgy
  • Ceramics Industry
  • Plastics Industry
  • Paper Industry
  • Medicine
  • Teaching
  • Engineering (chemical engineer profile)
  • Geochemistry
  • Agrochemistry
  • Military Systems
  • Agriculture
  • Aqua Science
  • Astronomy
  • Environmental Science
  • Forensic Science
  • Food Technology
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry
  • Meteorology
  • Plant Pathology
  • Photonics
  • Seismology
  • Paleontology


The Humanities as a subject is an academic discipline which deals with the study of the ‘Human Condition’, utilizing methodologies that are usually analytical, critical or speculative.

One of the several benefits of pursuing the humanities stream after Class 10 is that it provides students with a plethora of career options that are more vocational rather than academic. Some career options for students under this stream are:

  • Archaeology
  • Anthropology
  • Civil Services
  • Cartography
  • Economist
  • Geographer
  • Heritage Management
  • Historian
  • Library Management
  • Political Science
  • Population Science
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Social Service
  • Teaching
  • Linguistics
  • Mass Communication / Media
  • Philosophy
  • Research
  • Writing
  • Hospitality Industry
  • Fine Arts
  • Performing Arts
  • Fashion Designing
  •  Interior Designing
  • Travel and Tourism Industry
  • Law

What if I chose the wrong stream?

Sometimes, a student may face a situation where they realize after a certain period of time that they have chosen the wrong stream for themselves. If the realization is made early enough, that is, during the first few months of Class 11 itself, it can be easy for the student to change their stream.

However, if the student realizes that the stream they have chosen is not right for them after they have completed Class 11, switching streams may prove to be difficult.

Switching between the three streams, namely Science, Commerce and Humanities, depends on which stream the student is switching from and to which stream

If a student wishes to change from the Science stream to the Commerce stream, it will be comparatively easier than switching from the Commerce stream to the Science stream. Also, students who have taken the Humanities stream in Class 11 will not be able to transition well to the Science stream.

Students pursuing the Commerce or Science stream will almost always find the transition from their stream to the humanities stream comfortable and easy.

A comparative analysis of the three streams are given in the box below:


Students interested in numbers and accounts should opt for commerce

Can shift to arts after Class 11

Can immediately start a professional career like CA or CS

Research is not a common career path and therefore not desirable for students who want to stay with academics


Students interested in numbers and logical reasoning should opt for science stream

Can shift to both arts and commerce streams after class 11

Cannot start a professional career like engineering or medical but can definitely appear for entrance exams

Scientific research is encouraged even by the government and India has some of the best research institutes


Interested in creative and social environment

Have to stick to humanities after class 11

Usually a must to complete graduation before starting a professional career like journalist, psychologist

Students with a academic orientation should opt for Humanities as there is ample scope of research in all subjects especially in history, sociology, and psychology

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