Grading systems vary across the world. International students opting for higher studies in this country may find the Australian grading system complex to understand. While each university follows its own grading process, here is a summary of the common Australian grading system:
For subject grades each institution uses variations of several main types of subject grades:
descriptive grades – for example, High Distinction, Distinction, Credit, Pass
letter grades – for example, A-E
numeric grades – for example, 7-1, where 7 is the highest mark.
Some institutions use the conditional or conceded pass, but normally only 1 or 2 such subject passes would count towards graduation. Failed subjects must be repeated or an equivalent alternative taken in its place in order to complete a program. Subject grades will often have a notional percentage mark. The grading system is usually indicated on the transcript. A typical example is as follows:
|Descriptive grade||Percentage – example 1||Percentage – example 2|
Honours Bachelor Degrees are classified. Some institutions may use Honours classifications for individual subjects, particularly in an Honours course. Classifications can be expressed in a number of ways:
|Descriptive classification||Division or class||Letter descriptors|
|First Class||HI* or|
|Second Class (Upper Division)||Second Class Division A||HIIA or HII/i|
|Second Class (Lower Division)||Second Class Division B||HIIB or HII/ii|
|Second Class Division Two|
HI – Honours First Class
If the level of academic achievement is insufficient for Honours, an Honours Degree may be awarded in the Pass Class. Many universities vary the above classifications for Honours awarded on merit in professional degrees. Third Class Honours are rarely awarded and Second Class Honours may not be differentiated.
The majority of postgraduate awards are awarded unclassified, although exceptions may be made with Master Degrees by research. Some institutions award Master Degrees ‘with Honours’ (unclassified).