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Careers in Medical Field

medical student1

Medicine is a vast field, and especially so in India. Medical careers are available across a multitude of educational and skill levels, but also in diverse fields such as homeopathy or allopathy.

Medicine falls into two categories:
i) traditional, also known as alternative, homoeopathic, or holistic;
ii) modern, also known as Western, or allopathic.

Sometimes there is overlap between the two, and given that there has been resurgence in popularity of traditional medicine over the last few years, more overlap is likely to come as there is an increasing push to incorporate and combine the two fields. At present, though, when choosing a career in medicine to work toward, you should still choose to focus on either one or the other, so as to know which educational track to follow. Below is a list of healthcare career options in India, along with a brief description of each and its minimum required educational training/background.

Here's a list of the various healthcare/ medical career options in India:

Pros and Cons of being a Doctor


  • Satisfaction in saving a person’s life or bringing a new life in the world
  • Respect among people and society
  • Good growth and attractive perks
  • Flexibility of working either in a hospital or starting a clinic of your own


  • Long and erratic working hours
  • No or little social life
  • Have to be ready for emergency situations
  • Might take time to get establish when compared to professions like engineering and management
  • Not many facilities in rural hospitals


Internship – Rs 20,000 to Rs 25,000 per month (approx.)
Junior Resident Doctor – Rs 25, 000 per month  (approx.)
Junior Resident Doctor – (MD/MS) – Rs 25,000 – Rs 30,000 per month  (approx.)
The sky is the limit for senior consultants. You can earn anything above Rs 50,000 per month.

MBBS Entrance Exams:

Besides the above medical entrance exams, there are regional and state-level examinations conducted by almost every state.

For the complete list of medical entrance exams, click here

Entrance Exam Syllabus

  • Physics (measurement, motion Kinetic theory of gases, electricity, thermodynamics, and nuclear physics etc)
  • Chemistry (Structure of Atom, Molecule and chemical bond, elements and compounds, periodic properties of elements, organic chemistry, physical chemistry etc)
  • Biology (Diversity of Animal Life, Genetics and Evolution, Ecology, Anatomy and Physiology, Cell Biology etc)

Where can you work?

  • Start your own clinic
  • Work in government and private hospitals
  • Serve in the armed forces
  • Work as a consultant and resident doctor in Medical colleges and research institutes
  • Charitable institutions

Medical Colleges in India:

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Calcutta Medical College, Kolkata
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • JIPMER, Puducherry
  • St Johns Medical College Bangalore
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi

For the complete list of medical colleges in India, click here

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