Archaeology Career in India: Best Institutes, Courses, Eligibility Criteria 2023

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Each and every culture and civilization has its own history. This history is often is not clearly known to their people, Archeology as a field of study refers to the scientific and orderly study of the life and culture of past generations; it mainly takes into account various seals, inscriptions, monuments, edifices and other related materials which over the decades, have been buried in the past.

In fact, the scope of Archaeology is very broad. It has various field of study like archives, museology, numismatics, epigraphy and the like. Also Read: Career as a teacher

Archaeologist carry out various tasks like initial fieldwork, excavation of sites and their categorization besides dating and interpretation of excavated materials. Archaeologists manly try to find out the famous four Ws (What, When, Why, Where and How) with respect to the formation of past cultures and civilizations.

They also try to figure out the reasons behind major changes that have occurred in certain traditions and societies. Under this, they try to figure out the reasons why ancient man gradually stopped hunting and started farming and what may have prompted them to build cities and trade channels. Click here to read career in psychology

Another key- area of their research is related to the reasons behind the fall of such early civilizations as the Harappan Civilization in the Indian Subcontinent and the Roman civilization of Europe and the like.

Archaeological research is the chief method available for learning about history and past societies. The field is now expanding and establishing its roots in different corporate bodies, too. Also check career in Geography

This trend makes Archeology as a rewarding and the same time, a very challenging career opportunity. Young candidates, who have analytical bend of mind, are creative and logical in thinking, have flare for fine details and are appreciative of arts, have a bright chance to excel in this field.

Archaeology Career in India

The scope of archaeology in India is vast and varied. It encompasses the study of all aspects of the country’s past, from the earliest human settlements to the present day. Archaeologists in India work on a wide range of projects, including excavating ancient sites, studying artifacts, and reconstructing past cultures.

Here are some archaeologist scope in india

  1. Cultural Heritage Preservation: Archaeologists play a crucial role in preserving and conserving India’s rich cultural heritage. They work on the excavation, restoration, and preservation of historical sites, monuments, and artifacts. This helps in maintaining a connection to India’s ancient civilizations and cultural history.

  2. Historical Research: Archaeological excavations and research provide valuable insights into India’s history, ranging from the Indus Valley Civilization to the Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, Mughal period, and beyond. Archaeologists contribute to the reconstruction of historical narratives.

  3. Museums and Education: Archaeological discoveries are often displayed in museums, providing educational resources for the public. Curators and museum professionals work closely with archaeologists to interpret and exhibit artifacts, making history accessible to a wider audience.

  4. Academic and Research Opportunities: India has several universities and institutions that offer courses and programs in archaeology and related fields. Students can pursue academic careers in archaeology, conducting research and contributing to the field’s advancement.  Click here to read master in English literature study abroad

  5. Tourism and Cultural Tourism: Archaeological sites and historical monuments are significant tourist attractions in India. Archaeologists often collaborate with tourism agencies to promote sustainable tourism and ensure the preservation of these sites.

  6. Government and Regulatory Bodies: Archaeologists work with government agencies and regulatory bodies responsible for heritage conservation and site management. They help formulate policies and guidelines for the protection and preservation of cultural heritage.

  7. Archaeological Surveys and Excavations: Archaeological surveys and excavations are ongoing activities in India. New discoveries continue to be made, shedding light on previously unknown aspects of the country’s history.

  8. Archaeological Tourism: India offers opportunities for archaeological tourism, where tourists can visit historical sites and participate in guided tours to learn about the country’s ancient civilizations and heritage.

  9. International Collaboration: Archaeological research in India often involves collaboration with international institutions and researchers, contributing to global archaeological knowledge.

  10. Interdisciplinary Studies: Archaeology in India often intersects with other disciplines, such as anthropology, history, geology, and environmental science, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of the past.

Archaeology Career in India

Archaeology Eligibility Criteria

Even aspiring students with arts can also apply to pursue a course in Archeology. Generally a Science background at the 2 level is preferred for a B.Sc. programme in Archeology. B.Sc in Archeology is of three years duration and thereafter one can specialize in any of the branches at M.Sc and M.Phil levels. Also read subjects in humanities

A candidate, who plans to join international development agencies as an advisor, should preferably have a Ph.D. degree in the subject.

Archaeology Institutes/Universities

Institute Name Location Phone Number
Institute of Archaeology
27, Janpath, New Delhi 110001
Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology
Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201306
Jawaharlal Nehru University
16, Jamia Millia Islamia Marg, New Delhi 110025
Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221005
University of Calcutta
35, College Street, Kolkata 700073
Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute
Pune University Campus, Pune 411007
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
Sector 16, Dwarka, New Delhi 110078
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
University Road, Vadodara 390001
University of Madras
153, P.T. Rajan Salai, Guindy, Chennai 600025
Shri Krishnadevaraya University
Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh 515003

Archaeology Job Prospects

There are three main areas of employment for an Archaeologist, i.e., teaching, research and working in museums. Research jobs are available in organizations like Archaeological Survey of India, the Planning Commission as well as international organizations like the United Nation’s UNESCO or UNICEF also require their services.

Moreover, openings are also available for socio-cultural Archaeologists with Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) who seek their expertise in understanding of relations between industry and society.

Cultural Archaeologists are particularly well suited to work in professions involving people, such as teaching, law, medicine, social work, and journalism. Archaeology majors may become cultural resource management specialists. Also Read What is Humanities and Social Science?

 Museums are yet another potent source of employment. Many organizations like the ICMR, WHO and the Police Department also offer employment to Archaeologists for the purpose of crime detection.

A section of the students may possibly opt for archaeologically oriented research to provide better service delivery or to assess social issues and social problems, such as in public health, education, urban planning, social welfare, and government planning, international development.

Archaeology Pay Package

Since the nature of job prospects is very diverse, the salary can vary tremendously. Though, initially pay packet in this field of work is not as lucrative as other hot professions, but there is a tremendous amount of satisfaction associated with this profession.

One can expect a starting salary somewhere around Rs. 8,000-12000 per month. There also exists a stiff competition among researchers working in the field of Archeology for grant of money from national and international funding agencies. Hence aspirants who wish to carryout research in Archeology must be well prepared.

SI. No.States/UTsNo. of State
No. of Central UniversitiesNo. of Deemed UniversitiesNo. of Private UniversitiesGovernmentPrivate1.Andhra Pradesh20313-2.Arunachal Pradesh-11–3.Assam42—4.Bihar13-11-5.Chhattisgarh8—26.Goa1—-7.Gujarat17–238.Haryana7-21-9.Himachal Pradesh3—110Jammu & Kashmir6—-11Jharkhand4-11-12.Karnataka16-37-13.Kerala7-1–14.Madhya Pradesh1412–15.Maharashtra191515-16.Manipur-2—17.Meghalaya-1–118.Mizoram-1–119.Nagaland-1–120.Orissa10–2-21.Punjab7-11122.Rajasthan14–7123.Sikkim11–124.Tamil Nadu19-119-25.Tripura-1–126.Uttar Pradesh19436527.Uttarakhand5-12528.West Bengal151-1-29.NCT of Delhi1492-30.Chandigarh1-1–31.Puducherry-1—32.Andaman & Nicobar Islands—–33.Lakshadweep—–34.


  • Archaeology is the study of human history and prehistory through the recovery and analysis of material remains. Archaeologists study the physical remains of past human cultures, such as artifacts, buildings, and landscapes.

Whether or not archaeology is a good career in India depends on your passion for it, educational background, skills and experience, and the job market. The salary for archaeologists in India is lower than in other countries.

No, archaeology is not typically a high-paying job. The average salary for archaeologists in India is around INR 30,000 per month. However, the salary can vary depending on experience, qualifications, and the type of work. Archaeologists who work in government agencies or universities typically earn more than those who work in private practice.

Yes, you can do archaeology after 12th in India. There are many undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) archaeology courses available in India. To be eligible for an UG course in archaeology, you must have passed 12th with at least 50% marks in any stream. Some colleges and universities also conduct entrance exams for UG courses in archaeology.

The demand for archaeology is expected to grow in the future, as governments and businesses increasingly recognize the importance of preserving our cultural heritage.

There are many exams that can be taken to pursue a career in archaeology. Some popular ones are CUET, JNUEE, IPU CET, AMU UET, and JMI UET. The eligibility criteria vary but typically require a bachelor’s degree in archaeology or a related field.

There is no one “best” stream for archaeology, as the best choice will vary depending on your individual interests and skills. However, some streams that are typically considered to be good preparation for a career in archaeology include:

  • History: This stream provides a strong foundation in the study of human history, which is essential for archaeologists.
  • Anthropology: This stream provides a broader understanding of human cultures and societies, which can be helpful for archaeologists in interpreting archaeological findings.
  • Geography: This stream provides knowledge of the physical environment, which can be useful for archaeologists in understanding the context of their findings.
  • Science: This stream provides knowledge of the scientific methods used in archaeology, such as excavation and dating techniques.
  • Art: This stream can be helpful for archaeologists in understanding the artistic and cultural significance of their findings.

There is no age limit for archaeology. People of all ages can pursue a career in archaeology. However, it is important to be aware of the physical demands of the field, which can be challenging for older individuals.

There are many different types of archaeology, each with its own focus and methods. Some of the most common types of archaeology include:

  • Cultural resource management archaeology: This type of archaeology focuses on the identification, evaluation, and preservation of archaeological sites.
  • Historical archaeology: This type of archaeology focuses on the study of past cultures through the analysis of artifacts and sites from the historical period.
  • Environmental archaeology: This type of archaeology focuses on the study of the relationship between humans and their environment.
  • Underwater archaeology: This type of archaeology focuses on the study of archaeological sites underwater.
  • Space archaeology: This type of archaeology focuses on the study of archaeological sites in space.

The job prospects for archaeologists vary depending on the specific type of archaeology you want to pursue. However, the overall job market for archaeologists is expected to grow in the coming years.

Articles Updates:

11/09/2023: Content update, Interlinking 

11/09/2023: Add Faq and infographic