Archaeology Career in India

Each and every culture and civilization has its own history. This history is often is not clearly known to their people, Archeology as a field of study refers to the scientific and orderly study of the life and culture of past generations; it mainly takes into account various seals, inscriptions, monuments, edifices and other related materials which over the decades, have been buried in the past.

In fact, the scope of Archaeology is very broad. It has various field of study like archives, museology, numismatics, epigraphy and the like.

Archaeologist carry out various tasks like initial fieldwork, excavation of sites and their categorization besides dating and interpretation of excavated materials. Archaeologists manly try to find out the famous four Ws (What, When, Why, Where and How) with respect to the formation of past cultures and civilizations.

They also try to figure out the reasons behind major changes that have occurred in certain traditions and societies. Under this, they try to figure out the reasons why ancient man gradually stopped hunting and started farming and what may have prompted them to build cities and trade channels.

Another key- area of their research is related to the reasons behind the fall of such early civilizations as the Harappan Civilization in the Indian Subcontinent and the Roman civilization of Europe and the like.

Archaeological research is the chief method available for learning about history and past societies. The field is now expanding and establishing its roots in different corporate bodies, too.

This trend makes Archeology as a rewarding and the same time, a very challenging career opportunity. Young candidates, who have analytical bend of mind, are creative and logical in thinking, have flare for fine details and are appreciative of arts, have a bright chance to excel in this field.

Archaeology Eligibility Criteria

Even aspiring students with arts can also apply to pursue a course in Archeology. Generally a Science background at the 2 level is preferred for a B.Sc. programme in Archeology. B.Sc in Archeology is of three years duration and thereafter one can specialize in any of the branches at M.Sc and M.Phil levels.

A candidate, who plans to join international development agencies as an advisor, should preferably have a Ph.D. degree in the subject.

Archaeology Job Prospects

There are three main areas of employment for an Archaeologist, i.e., teaching, research and working in museums. Research jobs are available in organizations like Archaeological Survey of India, the Planning Commission as well as international organizations like the United Nation’s UNESCO or UNICEF also require their services.

Moreover, openings are also available for socio-cultural Archaeologists with Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) who seek their expertise in understanding of relations between industry and society.

Cultural Archaeologists are particularly well suited to work in professions involving people, such as teaching, law, medicine, social work, and journalism. Archaeology majors may become cultural resource management specialists.

Museums are yet another potent source of employment. Many organizations like the ICMR, WHO and the Police Department also offer employment to Archaeologists for the purpose of crime detection.

A section of the students may possibly opt for archaeologically oriented research to provide better service delivery or to assess social issues and social problems, such as in public health, education, urban planning, social welfare, and government planning, international development.

Archaeology Pay Package

Since the nature of job prospects is very diverse, the salary can vary tremendously. Though, initially pay packet in this field of work is not as lucrative as other hot professions, but there is a tremendous amount of satisfaction associated with this profession.

One can expect a starting salary somewhere around Rs. 8,000-12000 per month. There also exists a stiff competition among researchers working in the field of Archeology for grant of money from national and international funding agencies. Hence aspirants who wish to carryout research in Archeology must be well prepared.

Archaeology Institutes/Universities

The following Indian universities offer B.A/B.Sc./M.A./M.Sc in Anthropology.

  • Andhra University
Vishakhapatnam – 530 003

  • Bangalore University
Bangalore – 560 056

  • Dibrugharh University
Dibrugarh, Assam

  • Dr.Hari Singh Gour Vishwa Vidyalaya
Gour Nagar, Sagar, MP

  • Guwahati University
PO, Gopinath Bordili Nagar, Guwahati, Assam

  • Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University
Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttar Pradesh

  • Karnataka University
Pavate Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka

  • Kurukshetra University
Kurukshetra, Haryana

  • Manipur University
Canchipur, Imphal, Manipur

  • Nagarjuna University
Nagarjuna Nagar – 522 510

  • North Eastern Hill University
Shillong – 793 002

  • North Maharashtra University
Jalgaon – 425 002

  • Pt.Ravishankar Shukla University
Raipur-492 010

  • Pune University
Pune – 411 007

  • Punjabi University
Paliala – 147 002

  • Punjab University
Sector 14, Chandigarh, Punjab

  • Ranchi University
Ranchi, Ranchi – 834 001

  • Sambalpur University
Jyoti Vihar, Burla, Orissa

  • Siddhu Kanhu University
Dumka – 814 101

  • Sri Venkateshwara University
Tirupati, Chittor District, AP

  • University of Allahabad
Allahabad – 211 002

  • University of Calcutta
Senate House, 87, College Street
Calcutta, West Bengal

  • University of Delhi
Delhi – 110 007

  • University of Hyderabad
Hyderabad – 500 046

  • University of Mumbai
Mumbai – 400 001

  • University of Mysore
Mysore – 570 005

  • University of Rajasthan
Jaipur – 302 004

  • Utkal University
PO Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar Orissa-4

  • Vidya Sagar University
PO Midnapore, West Bengal

  • Vinoba Bhave University
Hazaribagh – 825 301

  • Visva-Bharati
PO Santiniketan-731

For complete list of universities in India, Please Click on the name of the state

SI. No.States/UTsNo. of State
No. of Central UniversitiesNo. of Deemed UniversitiesNo. of Private UniversitiesGovernmentPrivate1.Andhra Pradesh20313-2.Arunachal Pradesh-11–3.Assam42—4.Bihar13-11-5.Chhattisgarh8—26.Goa1—-7.Gujarat17–238.Haryana7-21-9.Himachal Pradesh3—110Jammu & Kashmir6—-11Jharkhand4-11-12.Karnataka16-37-13.Kerala7-1–14.Madhya Pradesh1412–15.Maharashtra191515-16.Manipur-2—17.Meghalaya-1–118.Mizoram-1–119.Nagaland-1–120.Orissa10–2-21.Punjab7-11122.Rajasthan14–7123.Sikkim11–124.Tamil Nadu19-119-25.Tripura-1–126.Uttar Pradesh19436527.Uttarakhand5-12528.West Bengal151-1-29.NCT of Delhi1492-30.Chandigarh1-1–31.Puducherry-1—32.Andaman & Nicobar Islands—–33.Lakshadweep—–34.