According to education ministry of india Bihar has the lowest literacy rate at 61.8% and kerela having the highest as usual at 94%.
According to the Ministry of Education, Bihar has the lowest literacy percentage in the nation, followed by Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. According to the report, 84.11 percent of Indians live in cities, whereas 67.77 percent of Indians in rural areas are literate.In answer to a written question in the Lok Sabha, Union Minister of State for Education Annapurna Devi provided the facts.
According to the Reports.Bihar (61.8%) has the lowest literacy rate in the country, followed by Arunachal Pradesh (65.3%) and Rajasthan (66.1%), according to the Ministry of Education. Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94%), followed by Lakshadweep (91.85%) and Mizoram (91.33%), the ministry added. The literacy rate in rural India is 67.77%, compared to 84.11% in urban India, it further said.
The absence of colleges and institutions in Bihar is the primary factor driving thousands of students out of the state each year. In the whole nation, Rajasthan has the most universities, 83 of which also operate colleges. The top 10 states for higher education do not include Bihar in any way. Parallel to this, Uttar Pradesh has the most colleges in the nation, 7,078 of which are for higher education. Bihar is not among the top 10 states in this instance either, despite having the third-largest population in the nation.
Similarly, Bihar has no name among the finest higher educational institutions for medicine in the country. Due to this, Bihari students are compelled to travel to Kota, Delhi, and other places .cities due to the lack of attention paid to education during the past 20–30 years. Simply said, Bihar’s future should be a major political issue because of the state of its educational system.
The Samagra Shiksha Program intends to improve learning levels from preschool to senior secondary levels while ensuring universal access to and retention in education. It also strives to address gender and socioeconomic category disparities.
The Samagra Shiksha Scheme is a scheme that the federal government supports the states and union territories in putting into action.
A federally funded programme known as Saakshar Bharat was put into place in rural regions in 404 districts in 26 states and one union territory where, according to the Census of 2001, the female literacy rate was at or below 50% in order to increase adult literacy rates.
By the end of the XII five year plan, the programme planned to increase the nation’s overall literacy rate to 80% and eliminate the gender disparity to 10% points, according to Devi. The schedule was extended to March 31, 2018.
According to the minister, 7.64 crore students who completed the National Institute of Open Schooling’s (NIOS) biennial Basic Literacy Assessment Tests between August 2010 and March 2016 exceeded the final aim, which was to literate 7.00 crore adult illiterates.
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