What different types of undergraduate medical degrees can I take?

There are various medical degrees available to secondary school graduates in India, ranging from a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), to a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine, to a Dental Diploma, and so on. Here you will find many possible undergraduate medical degree programs, the length of each program, the average cost, and each program’s requirements.

In India, medical education and its accreditation is monitored and controlled by the Medical Council of India (MCI). This is an organization that makes sure that all medical schools – the institutions that provide medical education to students in India – are following the same rules and guidelines, are maintaining the same admission and completion requirements, and are providing the same standard of quality to its students. 
Apart from the field of Medicine, the other medical apex bodies in India in the fields of dentistry and pharmacy are the Dental Council of India (DCI) and the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).

The undergraduate medical degrees available in India are as follows:

Undergraduate Degree/Diploma

MBBS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Duration - 5.5 years
Cost - From Rs. 332-970, up to 2-3 lakh
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 50% Entrance Exam

BDS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Dental Sciences
Duration - 5 years
Cost - Up to 10-12 lakh at private institute; cheaper in govt institute
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 50% Entrance Exam

BHMS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery
Duration - 5.5 years
Cost - Rs. 36,000 up to Rs.2-3 lakh
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCB 50% Entrance Exam

DHMS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery
Duration - 4 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCB 50% Entrance Exam

BAMS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Duration - 5.5 years
Cost - Varies; Rs. 24,000 at Indian Medical Care Institute in New Delhi
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCB 50% Entrance Exam

BUMS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor in Unani Medicine
Duration - 5.5 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 50% or passed Pre-Tib 1-year Exam Passed Urdu, Entrance Exam, Certificate of passing 8th class examination in Hindi

BVSc & AH

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry
Duration - 5 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 50% Pass All India Pre-Veterinary Test Entrance Exam

B.Pharm.

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Pharmacy
Duration - 4.5 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCB 50% Entrance Exam

D.Pharm.

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Diploma of Pharmacy
Duration - 2 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: CPB/M 40% Entrance Exam

BOT

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Duration - 4.5 years
Cost - Varies based on institution
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: CPB/Botany & Zoology 45-50% Entrance Exam Interview

BMLT

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Duration - 3-4 years
Cost - Varies; Rs. 61,800 at S.S. Institute of Medical Sciences Management Technology & Research in Agra
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: Science 50% Pre-University Vocational course with Lab Tech as vocational subject

BPT

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Duration - 4.5 years
Cost - Varies; Rs. 60,000 at Indian Institute of Health Education & Research in Patna; Rs. 2 lakh at Arihant Institute of Paramedical Sciences
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 45-50% Entrance Exam

B.Sc. Nursing

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Duration - 4 years
Cost - About Rs. 60,000- 2,00,000
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17 HSC/10+2: PCBE 45%, Entrance Exam

BNYS

Full Title of Degree/Diploma - Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences
Duration - 5.5 years
Cost - Varies; Rs.45,000 annually (Sant Hirdaram Medical College, Bhopal) - Rs.1 lakh annually (JSS Institute, Coimbatore)
Minimum Requirements - Age: 17-22 HSC/10+2 with 50% in PCB

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