Biomedical Engineering Courses: After 12th, Jobs, Salary & Top Colleges

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Biomedical Engineering is classified as one of the specialization engineering fields in the country which deals with the study of engineering principles. These concepts are further combined with the principles of medical sciences aiming to streamline the healthcare services in the country. Health care expenditure will likely observe an increase due to the rise of awareness and population expansion. 

Furthermore, expanding knowledge of medical developments have led to an increase in the number of persons seeking biological treatments for their health concerns. This will ultimately witness an increase in the employment graph of biomedical engineers. These facts are clear to establish that the growth rate of biomedical engineers is predicted to be substantially quicker than the average pace for all the existing jobs.

The subject of Biomedical Engineering involves a vast array of diagnostic and therapeutic applications. This branch of engineering and sciences is a fascinating multidisciplinary area of research that involves the application of engineering approaches in order to assist practitioners like doctors and physicians in their healthcare professions. The study of this branch also aids them in the rehabilitation of impaired persons.

Biomedical Engineering Courses, Colleges

Biomedical Engineering Highlights

Check key points related to Biomedical Engineering courses in the table below which contains the highlights on course level, course duration, entrance exams, average salaries, course fees, top recruiters and top job profiles. Candidates can refer to highlights for a quick reference:

Highlights Details
Course Level
Diploma, Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Doctorate

Diploma: Class 10

UG: Class 12 along with entrance examination

PG: BTech + GATE

Doctorate: MTech


Diploma: 3 years

UG: 4 years

PG: 2 years

PhD: 3- 6 years

Examination Type
Course Fee
Top Colleges
IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, Jadavpur University, Manipal Institute of Technology, Thapar University
Average Salary
Job Positions
Bio-medical Engineer, Instrument Engineer, Installation Engineer, Researcher, Maintenance Engineer and more
Entrance Exams
Top Recruiting Companies
Siemens Healthcare, Johnson & Johnson, GE Healthcare, Medtronic, Dräger

Biomedical Engineering Courses

Biomedical Engineering courses include the study of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Material Sciences and Bio-Mechanics. Candidates can pursue the following Biomedical Engineering courses at degree, diploma and doctoral levels.

Undergraduate Biomedical Engineering Course:

Course Duration Average Salary
Diploma in Biomedical Engineering
3 Years
INR 3 lakhs per year
BSc (Bachelors of Sciences)
3 Years
INR 3 lakhs per year
BE (Bachelors of Engineering)
4 Years
INR 4 lakhs per year
BTech (Bachelors of Technology)
4 Years
INR 6 lakhs per year

Postgraduate Biomedical Engineering Course:

Course Duration Average Salary
PG Diploma in Biomedical Engineering
1-2 Years
INR 3.5 lakhs per year
MSc (Masters of Sciences)
3-4 Years
INR 6.5 lakhs per year
ME (Masters of Engineering)
2 Years
INR 6.5 lakhs per year
MTech (Masters of Technology)
4 Years
INR 6.5 lakhs per year

Doctoral Biomedical Engineering Course:

Course Duration Average Salary
1-2 Years
INR 5 lakhs per year
3-6 Years
INR 10 lakhs per year

Biomedical Engineering Courses After 12th

Here are some common Biomedical Engineering courses that students can consider after completing their 12th grade:

  1. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Engineering: This is a popular undergraduate program that provides students with a comprehensive understanding of biomedical engineering principles and applications. It typically spans four years and covers topics such as medical instrumentation, biomaterials, biomechanics, and medical imaging.
  2. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biomedical Science: This program focuses on the life sciences aspect of biomedical engineering and includes courses in biology, chemistry, physiology, and medical research. It can serve as a foundation for further studies or careers in healthcare.
  3. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biotechnology: Biotechnology is closely related to biomedical engineering and involves the use of biological systems and organisms to develop products and technologies for healthcare and other fields.
  4. Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) in Biomedical Engineering: Similar to B.Tech programs, B.E programs in Biomedical Engineering provide students with a strong engineering foundation and specialized knowledge in biomedical applications.
  5. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Medical Imaging Technology: This program focuses specifically on medical imaging technologies, such as X-ray, MRI, and ultrasound, and prepares students for careers in medical imaging and diagnostics.
  6. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biomedical Informatics: Biomedical informatics combines computer science and healthcare to analyze and manage medical data. This program trains students to work with healthcare information systems and data analysis tools.
  7. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is a field that uses computational techniques to analyze biological data. It has applications in genomics, drug discovery, and personalized medicine.
  8. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing: While not directly in biomedical engineering, nursing programs are vital in the healthcare sector and provide opportunities to work closely with biomedical equipment and technology.
  9. Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology: This diploma program focuses on laboratory techniques, medical testing, and diagnostics, preparing students to work in clinical laboratories.

Biomedical Engineering Syllabus

The Biomedical Engineering syllabus varies from institute to institute. However, here is a general overview of the syllabus for a 4-year B.Tech. in Biomedical Engineering program in India:

Semester 1

  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Introduction to Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Programming
  • Engineering Drawing

Semester 2

  • Mechanics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronic Engineering
  • Biomedical Instrumentation
  • Anatomy and Physiology

Semester 3

  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Heat Transfer
  • Biomedical Signal Processing
  • Medical Imaging

Semester 4

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomechanics
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Medical Device Design
  • Clinical Engineering

Semester 5

  • Medical Imaging
  • Biosensors
  • Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
  • Nanotechnology in Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomedical Ethics

Semester 6

  • Research Methodology
  • Project
  • Internship

Biomedical Engineering Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for a Biomedical Engineering program vary depending on the institute and the course. However, the following are some of the general eligibility criteria for a Biomedical Engineering program in India:

  • Must have passed the 12th standard examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
  • Some institutes may also require students to have taken the JEE Main examination.
  • Minimum 50% aggregate marks in the 12th standard examination are required for most institutes.
  • Some institutes may also require students to have taken the NEET examination for M.Tech. in Biomedical Engineering.

In addition to the above, some institutes may also have specific requirements, such as:

  • Minimum age of 18 years
  • English language proficiency test score
  • Personal interview

Biomedical Engineering Career

Biomedical engineering is a field where science and technology come together to improve healthcare. When you graduate as a biomedical engineer, you have many interesting job options. Let’s take a look at some of them:

  1. Designing Medical Devices: Some biomedical engineers create tools and machines used in healthcare, like artificial limbs, surgical instruments, and machines for medical tests.
  2. Helping People Move Better: Others focus on making things that help people move better, like wheelchairs or devices that assist with walking.
  3. Keeping Medical Equipment Working: Clinical engineers make sure all the medical machines in hospitals work safely and correctly. They help doctors and nurses use these machines to care for patients.
  4. Doing Medical Research: Some biomedical engineers are like detectives. They look for new ways to treat diseases, find new drugs, and understand how our bodies work.
  5. Working with Medical Images: You can specialize in creating and understanding medical pictures, like X-rays and MRIs. These images help doctors see inside the body and figure out what’s wrong.
  6. Managing Medical Data: If you’re into computers and data, you can work in biomedical informatics. You’ll handle lots of medical information, making it easier for doctors to help patients.
  7. Teaching and Research: Some people become teachers and researchers in biomedical engineering. They share their knowledge and discover new things to help improve healthcare.
  8. Running Healthcare: Others manage healthcare organizations, making sure everything runs smoothly and patients get the care they need.
  9. Starting Your Own Business: If you’re an inventor, you might start your own company to create and sell new medical gadgets or technology.
  10. Giving Advice: Consulting firms hire biomedical engineers to give advice on healthcare and technology. They help hospitals, companies, and government agencies make good decisions.

Biomedical Engineering Job Prospects

The rapid advancement of technology involved in Biomedical Engineering will continue to change the job profile of biomedical engineers. It will also continue to create new work areas. Thus, there is a need to translate the expanding range of activities for biomedical engineers into very favourable job prospects. 

The rapid ageing of the population and retirement of a substantial count of biomedical engineers is likely to result in massive job openings between the period of 2018 and 2025. Biomedical Engineering career opportunities would include the following:

Job profile Job Description Average Annual Salary in INR
Bio-medical Engineer
The job profile involves the application of engineering concepts in solving the day to day problems in the biological domain.
6-9 LPA
Instrument Engineer
The job profile here involves designing, testing, and updating various medical instruments that are to be utilised for diagnosis and treatment.
7.5- 9 LPA
Installation Engineer
The job profile of an installation engineer involves the installation of high-end medical equipment manufactured by the respective companies, working effectively in coordination with a team of technicians.
6- 8.5 LPA
The job of a researcher is to conduct Research and Development in the domain in order to bring evolve innovative solutions that are further implemented to the existing issues in the biomedical domain.
6- 9 LPA
Maintenance Engineer
This job profile of a maintenance engineer involves timely inspection and managing the wear and tear of medical instruments.
7- 10 LPA

Biomedical Engineers Top Recruiters

We have collated a list of companies that Biomedical Engineers would wish to work with. Like other popular engineering branches, Biomedical Engineers are also paid handsome salary packages. On completion of BTech in Biomedical Engineering, one can expect to earn an average salary between INR 3 LPA and INR 4 LPA

However, in government sectors, you can expect to earn starting salary between INR 2.5 LPA and INR 3 LPA. After gaining years of experience in the field, your salary may increase up to 30 to 60 per cent. 

If you chose to work abroad after completing a degree in Biomedical Engineering, you can expect to earn $40,000 annually. Take a look below to get an idea about the companies hiring biomedical engineers in India and Abroad

Companies Companies
Siemens Healthcare
KLS Martin
Johnson & Johnson
GE Healthcare
Roche Diagnostics
Hamilton Medical
Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA

Biomedical Engineering Salary Package

Remuneration of biomedical engineering professionals is quite high.

  • In medical equipment manufacturing companies, you can get anything between Rs.20,000 and Rs. 30,000 per month in hand apart from other perks and benefits.
  • In research and teaching institutions salaries vary between Rs.18,000-25,000 per month.
  • Private hospitals and clinics pay between Rs.15,000 and Rs.25,000 per month.
  • In government sector, the monthly salary ranges from Rs.16,000 to Rs.22,000 per month.

Top 10 Colleges/Institutes in Biomedical Engineering 2023

1All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)Delhi
2Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi)Delhi
3Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay)Maharashtra
4Manipal Institute of TechnologyKarnataka
5Netaji Subhash Engineering College (Kolkata)West Bengal
6Indian Institute of Technology (Roorkee)Uttarakhand
7SRM UniversityTamil Nadu
8Vellore Institute of TechnologyTamil Nadu
9Indian Institute of Technology – Banaras Hindu UniversityUttar Pradesh
10The Central University of KarnatakaKarnataka


Candidates with a BTech/BSc/BE in Biomedical Engineering/ Biotechnology from a recognised university/institute or candidates with an MBBS degree are eligible to pursue a post-graduate course in Biomedical Engineering.

No, admission to BTech in Biomedical Engineering programme is done through the Engineering entrance test. Through NEET, you can only enrol on MBBS, BDS and other medical programmes.

The four major areas of biomedical engineering include clinical, medical device, medical imaging and tissue engineering: Clinical engineering deals with equipment used in hospitals and other medical facilities.

YES, PCB students can also apply for BE in Biomedical Engineering. The criteria regarding stream in class 12 is : The candidate must pass class 12 (or equivalent) with Physics , Chemistry and Maths/Biology. Every course requires Mathematics.

Candidates must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics as their main subjects. Candidates must have to complete a Bachelor’s degree in Biomedical Engineering with a minimum of 50% mark from a recognised university.

BME Job RoleFresher Annual Salary
Clinical Biomedical EngineersRs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 4.5 lakhs
Orthopaedic BioengineersRs. 3.5 lakhs to Rs. 4.7 lakhs
Cellular, Tissue, and Genetic EngineersRs. 3 lakhs to 5 lakhs
Biomaterial ProfessionalRs. 3.5 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs

PCB (physics,chemistry and biology) are the subjects that are taken into consideration while applying for biomedical engineering in KCET examination. One should also have secured a minimum score of 50% in Physics, Chemistry and Biology in class 12th.

Among the Engineering colleges in India, Tamil Nadu has the maximum number of Engineering colleges that offer BTech in Biomedical Engineering.
4 years
Full-FormBachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering
Duration4 years
Basic EligibilityMinimum required marks in class 12th examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
Average SalaryINR 5,00,000 – 12,00,000
The field focuses on both the molecular and macroscopic aspects of biomedical engineering and comprises five research areas: biomedical instrumentation; drug delivery, design and metabolism; biomaterials; computational and systems biology; and medical biomechanics.

Article Updates:

15/09/2023: General Update

15/09/2023: Interlinking

15/09/2023: FAQS Update